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St. John of Shanghai and San Francisco, Zealous Builder of Churches

Nun Cornelia (Rees)

St. John (Maximovitch) of Shanghai and San Francisco was a profound ascetic and man of prayer. Thousands of miracles have occurred through his prayers, both during his lifetime and after his repose. The sick were healed, family troubles ended, and life’s difficulties abated. But of his greatest miracles we must cite the building of cathedrals among an emigrant population that barely had enough money to get byyet the churches they built have remained as the pride of their cities.

In 1934, St. John was consecrated a bishop in Yugoslavia by Metropolitan Antony (Krapovitsky) of blessed memory, and appointed to the diocese of Shanghai, China. There he inherited a construction project that had reached a stalemate, due to the loss of the former bishop and internal parish divisions. St. John brought peace to that community, and the Cathedral of the Mother of God “Surety of Sinners” was completed.

The Russian Orthodox Church of the Mother of God The Russian Orthodox Church of the Mother of God "Surety of Sinners", Shanghai. Photo: Russky Shanghai.

When communist rule came to China, the Russian flock was forced to find new homes. St. John took his people to Tubabao in the Philippines as a temporary refuge, but made trips to the United States to intercede in Washington D.C. for the displaced Russian population, and succeeded in getting many of them permission to move to the U.S. Meanwhile in the U.S. capital, St. John united the Russian diaspora and organized a parish there in 1949. By his prayers, a beautiful Russian Orthodox Church dedicated to St. John the Baptist and built in the traditional Yaroslavl style was already in use. This parish is still flourishing and growing today.

The Church of St. John the Baptist, Washington D.C. Photo: Wikimedia Commons. The Church of St. John the Baptist, Washington D.C. Photo: Wikimedia Commons.

In 1951, Archbishop John was sent to Paris to rule the diocese of Western Europe of the Russian Church Abroad. In France, Archbishop John had a reunion with the nuns of Lesna Convent, who had relocated to Serbia after World War I and whose church services St. John had attended while living in in that country. The saint often served at the sisters’ new location in a former Catholic seminary in Fourqueux, just outside of Paris. After ten years in Fourqueux, the convent again had to relocate when the owner of the property did not renew their lease, and much of the grounds were being lost to city development. With nowhere to go, the sisters relied upon the prayers of their beloved archpastor. With his blessing the sisters began looking for a new place, and funds were collected. Although St. John was transferred to San Francisco in 1962, he continued to carefully follow the sisters’ progress in finding a new home, “and one of his last deeds before his death was to write a letter to Mother Feodora [then abbess of Lesna Convent] with his blessing to purchase (for an unbelievably low price!) a property found by Nun Magdalena in the village of Provemont. The letter came just a few days after the saint’s repose.”[1]

The Lesna convent is still located in this property, which includes a mansion, large grounds for gardens and orchards, and a 200-year-old church!

The Lesna Convent house in Provemont, France. Photo: NFTU. The Lesna Convent house in Provemont, France. Photo: NFTU.

In 1962, Archbishop John (Maximovitch) was transferred from his archbishopric in Paris to San Francisco, California, to pastor his Russian flock, many of whom had moved there from Tubabao. The existing Russian parish church on Fulton Street was a converted Protestant Church, and did not resemble the traditional Russian Orthodox architecture. One of St. John’s major accomplishments in that city was to begin the construction of a new church on Geary Boulevard, and although he did not live to its consecration, he sanctified it with his relics, which have reposed within its walls from the very time of his burial. If church-builders could have an opus, the San Francisco Cathedral of the Mother of God “Joy of All Who Sorrow” would be it for St. John. Again arriving to a divided parish, St. John was able to overcome all the difficulties surrounding the construction of a new cathedral. It is said that he even stood personally on the streets of San Francisco asking for donations to build the church. It also cost him great sorrow, because the enemy of all Orthodox churches, the devil, waged fierce war against him through some of the parishioners themselves. He was even brought to a secular court for “mishandling funds”a charge that was completely overturned by a perspicacious Irish Catholic judge.

The Church of the Mother of God The Church of the Mother of God "Joy of All Who Sorrow", Geary Blvd., San Francisco, California. Photo: Pravoslavie.ru.

St. John loved God’s house so intensely that wherever he served, he would remain in the church long after the service. The Lesna nuns recalled that when St. John was visiting, they often did not sit down to evening trapeza until midnight, waiting for their archpastor to emerge from the church. Everywhere he went he either oversaw the building of churches or supported the same with his attention and prayers. He wrote about the godly work of building churches:

Some people are saying: “The time is not come to build the Lord’s house.” Among them are many who are buying houses for themselves, who live in their own houses in full satisfaction of their material needs, or who are selling their homes to move into better and better dwellings, increasing their assets. It is understandable when such words are heard from unbelieversBut how can they be repeated by believers who themselves go to church?

A church is a place that is consecrated, holy, in which there always dwells the grace of God. At the consecration of Solomon’s temple, the glory of the Lord in the appearance of a cloud filled the house of God. So it was in the Old Testament temple. How much more powerfully does the grace of God act in the temples of the New Testament where there is offered the true cleansing from sin, where we partake of the true Body and Blood of Christ, where during the Divine Liturgy, the Holy Spirit continually descends upon the gifts being consecrated and upon the people present? One can pray anywhere, and God hears prayers from everywhere. But it’s much easier to pray in a church where everything is conducive to prayer. From there our prayers ascend to God, and the mercies of God are sent down upon us.

The construction of a church is a sacrifice to God; to allocate a parcel of land for church services is to sacrifice unto God a part of your own property, but most of all it is a gift of your love, your zeal. Churches are not needed by God Whose throne is heaven and Whose footstool is the earth; it is we who need them. It is we who benefit from donating toward the building of churches, although the Lord accepts not so much the substances of our alms as much as He does our zealthe quality of our effort. Christ approved the widow’s mite, saying that she had given more than anyone else, for the rich cast in a great deal from their abundance, but she gave all she had, all her livelihood. Those alms we give in the name of God are received by God Himself. Spiritually, our alms are laid up in the treasuries of heaven, God’s treasuries, from which no one can steal them away. If someone steals any church possession, he steals from God Himself.

At each Liturgy, those who contributed to the building of the church are commemorated. In building churches here on earth, we create for ourselves eternal habitations in heaven. Decades will pass, our bodies will decay, perhaps our very bones will turn to dust, but our souls will live eternally. Happy will he be who prepared for his soul a dwelling in the heavenly mansions. Even if the churches that are built should fall to ruin, the names of those who contributed to their construction will be written in God’s eternal books, and the prayers which arose from within these churches will be sealed.[2]

Inside the San Francisco cathedral. Photo: Pravoslavie.ru. Inside the San Francisco cathedral. Photo: Pravoslavie.ru.

Since St. John of Shanghai’s canonization in 1994, many parishes, mostly not in the Russian Church Abroad, have desired to have St. John as their patron. We can now find a number of relatively new parishes dedicated to him across the U.S., as well as in other countries. We have found some of them as you’ll see below, but if any of our readers know of any other churches dedicated to St. John of Shanghai and San Francisco, please leave us a note in the comments section!

Monastery of St. John of Shanghai and San Francisco, Manton, California.

St. John of Shanghai and San Francisco Orthodox Church, Kennewick, Washington.

St. John the Wonderworker Orthodox Church, Eugene Oregon.

St. John’s House, Hermitage of the Holy Cross, Wayne, West Virginia.

St. John of Shanghai Orthodox Church, Vancouver, British Columbia.

St. John (Maximovitch) the Wonderworker Orthodox Church, Atlanta, Georgia.

St. John of Shanghai Russian Orthodox Church, Jacksonville, Florida.

Parish of St.John of Shanghai and San Francisco the Miracle Worker, Framingham , Massachusetts.

St. John of Shanghai English language Orthodox Church, Belfast, Northern Ireland.

St. John’s Orthodox Church, Colchester, England.

Church of St. John of Shanghai and San Francisco, St. Elizabeth Convent, Minsk, Belorussia. This church is being built in the local psychiatric hospital.

Monastery of St. John of Shanghai, Kiev, Ukraine.

Church of St. Mary Magdalene and St. John (Maximovich), Trest, Czech Republic.

Church of St. John of Shanghai, Novosibirsk, Russia.

Church of St. John of Shanghai and San Francisco, the village of Litvinki, Tver Province, Russia.

Chapel of St. John Maximovitch, Church of Saint Anna in Katerini, Greece.

Skete of St. John Shanghai of the Sviatogorsk Lavra, Adamovka village, Eastern Ukraine.

This list does not even mention the churches dedicated to all the saints of America, which would of course include St. John as their patron. Nor does it include all the churches that St. John may have blessed to be built.

Through the prayers of our holy father, Hierarch John of Shanghai and San Francisco, may Orthodox parishes throughout the world be strengthened in unity and zeal for the Orthodox faith, and may many, many more be built and beautified to the glory of God!

Nun Cornelia (Rees)

01 / 07 / 2017

[1] http://www.monasterelesna.org/dokumenty-i-stati/teksty-i-stati/st-john-of-shanghai/.

[2] https://theinnerkingdom.wordpress.com/2009/01/02/on-building-churches-by-st-john-maximovitch/

See also:
2017-07-03
22:23
harvey schmit:
Church of Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco, South San Francisco, CA
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