His Eminence Archbishop Stylianos joins 38 Faith Leaders in Writing to the PM on Marriage

Canberra, June 17, 2015

His Eminence Archbishop Stylianos, the Primate of the Greek Orthodox Church in Australia, has joined with 38 leaders of Christian and other religious groups in signing a letter to the Prime Minister urging him and the parliament to uphold the true meaning of marriage.

Referring to current and future bills to change marriage, the letter says:

“This proposed legislation undermines that shared understanding of marriage and places the wishes of adults above the interests of children. It fails to acknowledge the truth that children constitute the very basis for the state’s recognition and regulation of marriage.

“Marriage between a man and a woman gives children the best chance of being loved and raised by their biological mother and father. This is the family structure most consistent with a child’s right to know who they are and where they have come from. It is the family structure associated most strongly with positive child outcomes.”


The Hon Tony Abbott MP Prime Minister Parliament House Canberra ACT 2600

Dear Prime Minister

Re: Bills to redefine marriage so as to allow ‘same-sex marriage’

As leaders of Australia’s major religions we write to express the grave concerns that we, and those who share our various faiths, share regarding Bills that have or will be introduced into the Federal Parliament to change the definition of marriage in Australian law. The definition of marriage enshrined in the Commonwealth Marriage Act 1961 – “the union of a man and a woman, to the exclusion of all others, voluntarily entered into for life” – reflects a truth deeply embedded across diverse communities, faiths and cultures.

To uphold marriage as the mutual love of a man and a woman, open to the gift of children, is not bigotry or prejudice. At many times throughout history, and sadly still today in some places, people with same-sex attraction have suffered injustice. This is to be deplored. We should do more to ensure that our brothers and sisters who are same-sex attracted are treated with the dignity and respect owed to every human being. But this does not require the further deconstruction of marriage as traditionally understood.

Vast majority of nations and cultures share our understanding of marriage

Because of the crucial role marriage plays as the nursery for the future of the community, and its responsibility always to act in the best interests of children, governments everywhere recognise and regulate marriage. Far from being unusual in the international community for not supporting ‘same-sex marriage’, Australia’s definition of marriage as a union of a man and a woman is consistent with that of the vast majority of world nations, who represent over 91 per cent of the global population.1To date, only 21 of the 193 member states of the United Nations have changed their legal definition of marriage to incorporate same-sex unions.2International courts continue to recognise the truth that marriage is a union of a man and a woman oriented to the begetting and nurturing of children.3

As the United Nations Human Rights Committee has affirmed, the “right to marry and found a family”, expressed in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and elsewhere, “implies, in principle, the possibility to procreate”.4 This highlights a crucial way in which marriage between a man and a woman is different from a relationship between two men or two women. Stating this belief publicly and upholding it in law is not bigotry, but an acknowledgement of legitimate difference.

The link to children is essential to what marriage means

For the sake of children and to encourage men and women to commit to one another and to their offspring, marriage between a man and a woman has always been given the special recognition and support of the state. This proposed legislation undermines that shared understanding of marriage and places the wishes of adults above the interests of children. It fails to acknowledge the truth that children constitute the very basis for the state’s recognition and regulation of marriage.

We acknowledge that, sadly, some marriages and families break down. But a stable, loving marriage provides the best conditions for raising children. Marriage between a man and a woman gives children the best chance of being loved and raised by their biological mother and father. This is the family structure most consistent with a child’s right to know who they are and where they have come from. It is the family structure associated most strongly with positive child outcomes.5

Any adult person can love and care for a child. But, as a couple, two persons of the same sex are not able to provide a child with the experience of both mothering and fathering.6 Only the institution of marriage between a man and a woman has this inherent capacity to provide children with both of these relationships that are so foundational to our human identity and development.

The proposed legislation would send confusing messages to the community about marriage. At a time when marriage is already under significant strains and pressures, we urge you to do all that you can to support marriage – not undermine its meaning and importance, most of all, for children.

Consequences of redefining marriage

As overseas experience shows us, redefining marriage will have consequences for everyone, as the truth about marriage becomes increasingly a truth which cannot be spoken. It will create legal vulnerabilities for the millions of Australians who will always believe that marriage is between one man and one woman, and who entered into marriage on that basis. In overseas jurisdictions where the definition of marriage has been changed, the public manifestation of this belief has resulted in vilification and legal punishment of individuals and institutions.7 This violates not only freedom of religion, but also the rights of conscience, belief and association, and the right of parents to educate their children according to their own beliefs.

The experience of these countries which have redefined marriage demonstrates that attempts to address these concerns through legislative “exemptions” have proven to be worthless.8 We urge you and your fellow Members of Parliament to uphold the law of the Commonwealth of Australia regarding marriage as the union of a man and a woman and to continue to support the common good of our community by supporting true marriage.

We would be happy to meet with you and other MPs to discuss this matter further in person.

Yours sincerely

Pastor Ross Abraham

National Chairman of the Movement

International Network of Churches

Rev Fr Youssef Akladeos

Coptic Catholic Church

Pastor Wayne Alcorn

National President

Australian Christian Churches

Rev Dr Andrew Ball

Executive Ministry Director

Churches of Christ NSW

Mar Yakoob Daniel Bolis

The Ancient Church of the East

Rt Rev David Cook

Moderator General

Presbyterian Church of Australia

Elder Jeffrey D Cummings

Quorum of the Seventy – Australia

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

His Grace Dr Bishop Daniel


Coptic Orthodox Church – Diocese of Sydney & Affiliated Regions Page | 4

Most Rev Dr Glenn N Davies


Anglican Diocese of Sydney

Rev Fr Rahal Dergham

Syrian Catholic Church

His Grace Bishop Mihail Filimon

The Romanian Orthodox Bishop of Australia and New Zealand

Most Rev Anthony Fisher OP

Catholic Archbishop of Sydney

Chair, Bishops Commission for Family, Youth and Life

Bishop George of Canberra

Vicar Bishop for Metropolitan Hilarion

Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia

Rev Ken Graham


Christian and Missionary Alliance of Australia

Rabbi Mordechai Gutnick

President Rabbinical Council of Victoria

Senior Dayan – Melbourne Beth Din (Jewish Ecclesiastical Court)

Rabbi Moshe D Gutnick

Senior Dayan – Sydney Beth Din

Bishop Irinej

The Serbian Orthodox Metropolitanate of Australia and New Zealand

Rev Keith Jobberns

National Ministries Director

Australian Baptist Ministries (Baptist Union of Australia)

Mr Hafez Kassem


Muslims Australia – Australian Federation of Islamic Councils Inc Page | 5

Sheikh Shafiq Abdullah Khan

Chairman of Australian Islamic Cultural Centre

Chairman, Auburn, Liverpool and Wollongong Mosques

Rev Mark Lieschke


Lutheran Church of Australia, NSW District

His Eminence Mor Malatius Malki Malki

Metropolitan Archbishop

Syrian Orthodox Church in Australia and New Zealand

Sheikh Kamal Mousselmani


Supreme Islamic Shiite Council of Australia

Pastor Phillip Mutzelburg


Acts 2 Alliance, Qld

His Grace Bishop Haigazoun Najarian


Diocese of the Armenian Church of Australia and New Zealand

Most Rev Amel Shamon Nona


St. Thomas Chaldean Catholic Diocese of Australia and New Zealand

Rt Rev Mark Powell


Presbyterian Church of NSW and ACT

Dr Phil Pringle

Founder and President

C3 Church Global

Most Rev Robert Rabbat


Melkite Catholic Eparchy of Australia and New Zealand Page | 6

Rev Rex Rigby

National Superintendent & South Qld District Superintendent

Wesleyan Methodist Church of Australia

Metropolitan Archbishop Paul Saliba


Antiochian Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia, New Zealand and the Philippines

Mr Lyle Shelton

Managing Director

Australian Christian Lobby

Rev Mgr Basil Sousanian

Armenian Catholic Church

Pastor Chester Stanley


Seventh-day Adventist Church – Australia

His Eminence Archbishop Stylianos


Greek Orthodox Church of Australia

His Grace Anba Suriel


Coptic Orthodox Church – Diocese of Melbourne & its Affiliated Regions

Pastor Wayne Swift

National Leader

Apostolic Church Australia

Most Rev Antoine-Charbel Tarabay


Maronite Diocese of Australia

Rabbi Yehoram Ulman

President Rabbinical Council of NSW

Senior Dayan – Sydney Beth Din

Pastor Bill Vasilakis

Senior Minister, Christian Family Centre

National Chairman, CRC Churches International

Mar Meelis Zaia AM


Assyrian Church of the East

1 http://www.worldpopulationreview.com .

2 “At a glance: same-sex marriage around the world”, SBS News, 7 October 2014 (updated 27 May 2015) http://www.sbs.com.au/news/article/2014/10/07/glance-same-sex-marriage-around-world .

3 On 14 July 2014, in the case of Hämäläinen v Finland, the European Court of Human Rights reaffirmed that the right to marry, expressed in the international human rights covenants, “enshrines the traditional concept of marriage as being between a man and a woman.” Hämäläinen v Finland, Grand Chamber, European Court of Human Rights, Strasbourg, 16 July 2014.

4 UN Human Rights Committee General Comment No 19.

5 See, e.g., M. Regnerus, “How Different Are the Adult Children of Parents Who Have Same-Sex Relationships? Findings from the New Family Structures Study,” Social Science Research, 41(4) (June 2012), 752–70.

6 For a comprehensive review of studies demonstrating the distinctive benefits for children of mothering and fathering see, e.g., K. Kline and W. Wilcox, Mother Bodies, Father Bodies: How Parenthood Changes Us from the Inside Out, Institute for American Values, New York, 2014.

7 Some real life examples that have occurred recently:

8 For a discussion of the serious consequences for religious believers eventuating from the legalisation of same-sex marriage in Canada, a country which explicitly affirms the rights to freedom of religion, conscience, association and speech in its Charter of Rights and Freedoms, see the following analysis by Canadian lawyer Leah Singh, “Same-sex marriage and the persecution of Christians in Canada”, Crisis, 28 May, 2015. http://www.crisismagazine.com/2015/same-sex-marriage-and-the-persecution-of-christians-in-canada .

17 июня 2015 г.

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